Covers the science of refractive surgery, accommodative and nonaccommodative treatment of presbyopia, patient evaluation and international perspectives. Examines specific procedures in refractive surgery, as well as refractive surgery in ocular and systemic disease.
Upon completion of Section 13, readers should be able to:
Identify the general types of lasers used in refractive surgeries
Outline the steps—including medical and social history, ocular examination, and ancillary testing—in evaluating whether a patient is an appropriate candidate for refractive surgery
For incisional keratorefractive surgery, describe the history, patient selection, surgical techniques, outcomes, and complications
Explain recent developments in the application of wavefront technology to surface ablation and LASIK
Last major revision: 2011–2012 Section chair: Christopher J. Rapuano, MD