Examines the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of esodeviations and exodeviations, horizontal and vertical deviations, amblyopia and special forms of strabismus. Discusses the full range of pediatric ocular disorders, extraocular muscle anatomy, motor and sensory physiology and how to establish rapport with children during an ocular examination.
Upon completion of Section 6, readers should be able to:
Describe evaluation techniques for young children that provide the maximum gain of information with the least trauma and frustration
Explain the classification, diagnosis, and treatment options for amblyopia
Describe the commonly used diagnostic and measurement tests for strabismus
List the possible complications of strabismus surgery, and describe guidelines to minimize them
Last major revision: 2010–2011 Reviewed for currency: 2012 Section chair: Edward L. Raab, MD, JD